Although this can be shot at both target and field competitions it is a discipline which non archers are likely to have seen televised at the Olympic games.
The archers dressed uniformly in white, regimentally approach the shooting line to shoot at stipulated distances and checking the accuracy of each shot with their telescope.
The terrain on which these competitions are held is a levelled out field.
The distances shot at club level vary. Very young juniors can shoot rounds* starting at 10 metres whereas senior members could be required to shoot up to a maximum distance of 100 yards.
*Rounds are decided by the number of arrows shot at each distance. There are several rounds ranging from 4 doz up to 15 doz arrows

You will see why it has been described as "The bow with wheels."
The cams at each end of the bow which the string runs through give it a very mechanical, and some what robotic appearance.
The modern recurve bow is the most widely shot and is understood by most archers whereas the compound bow by comparison is still relatively mysterious to those who do not shoot it.
With its cams, magnified sights and built-in spirit level there is a friendly rivalry between the recurve and compound archer, not at competitions as they are treated as different disciplines, but on the field verbally.
Easier or harder to shoot than the recurve, both have their idiosyncrasies which will need to be mastered!

Most will be held in wooded areas where you could have to negotiate various obstacles such as trees, bushes, valleys and streams.
Although you will see a multitude of styles at field shoots the main difference will be whether you elect to shoot "sighted" or "instinctively" (without the aid of a sight).
The groups will vary in size and could contain all disciplines with juniors and seniors shooting alongside each other.
The targets you will be shooting at are in different guises such as paper faces, 3D and homemade animals all at unmarked distances but rest assured they will never be live which is just as well because it could be the archer who is the endangered species.

The immediate connection with the longbow is Robin Hood. Indeed this would be correct as it is a back to basics discipline.
The arrows used will be wooden and there are no other 'bolt on goodies' which are associated with the recurve and compound bows.
It will commonly be referred to as the "Stick" by other archers because of its appearance.
Although medieval bows would have been made from Yew the reduced availability now means that a number of bows are being made using hickory, purpleheart, lemonwood and other woods.
The idea of target archery is to hit the target but with the longbow it is generally accepted that a number of arrows will need to be retrieved from the grass.
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